|Posted by Jenna Green on December 14, 2012 at 8:25 AM|
More than 200 viruses can cause a cold causing the average U.S. Citizen to experience as high as 12 colds a year. Colds are the most common reason that children miss school and adults miss work. People are most likely to spread their cold to others during the first two to three days of a colds onset. Most colds clear up within a week, but the problem is trying to feel better during that process. Follow these tips and you are on your way to feeling less sick:
• Wash your hands frequently. This is the simplest and most effective way to prevent catching a cold. Every time you use the bathroom, sneeze, wipe your nose, or cough, wash your hands. Use anti-bacterial soap. Not washing your hands is the easiest way to pass on your colds to others.
• Cough or sneeze into facial tissue - immediately throw it away.
• Get plenty of rest. Go to bed early. If your body is tired, listen to it and take a nap.
• Eat well- get some chicken noodle soup or have some fruit. Stay clear away from the snacks.
• Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids- Drink water, juice, clear broth or Soothe a raw/sore throat by drinking hot fluids as tea with honey. Avoid alchohol, coffee and caffeinated sodas which do not help with staying hydrated.
• Use over-the-counter cold and cough medicines - to help ease symptoms in adults and children. Using these short term use medications will not cure your cold but they will help you feel better
• Use heating pads and or heating blankets - to calm sore muscle and body aches
• Relieve a sore/scratchy throat by gargling saltwater- ( 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon salt dissolved in an 8-ounce glass of warm water)
• Take Vitamin C before the onset of cold symptoms. This may shorten the duration of the symptoms.
• Keep your area clean. Change the sheets on your bed, change your pillow case, and throw out the trash. Use Lysol wipes to wipe down the bathroom, kitchen, desks, and hot spots in your home or work station. Spray Lysol or anti bacterial spray on doorknobs and things that cannot be easily washed with soap and water. Keeping clean will not only make sure that germs aren’t spreading to others, it will make you have a lighter feeling.
If you develop a fever, sore throat, or a persistent cough that does not get better in a few days, you should visit the doctor. You may have an infection and need a prescription for antibiotics.
Source: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases